Epi Faculty News

Estradiol level influences fracture risk during menopause transition, Cauley finds

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HELIO - "Our findings suggest that serum [estradiol] measures may help to identify women at high risk of fracture during the menopausal transition," said EPI's Jane Cauley who, along with colleagues, analyzed data of 2,960 women aged 42 to 52 years at baseline participating in the Study of Women's Health Acros the Nation (SWAN), an ongoing, longitudinal cohort study of midlife women at seven clinical sites.   

Nachega finds drug-resistant TB cured with new approaches in conflict-affected region

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INFECTION CONTROL TODAY - A high proportion of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis cases can be cured in conflict-affected communities with molecular diagnostics, shorter treatment periods, and socioeconomic incentives, according to the results of a large, long-term study in the Democratic Republic of Congo led by IDM and EPI's Jean Nachega.   

Catov among scientists researching heart disease link to pre-eclampsia

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PITTSBURGH COURIER - While her baby is still a toddler, a woman who had preeclampsia during her pregnancy might already be on the path to heart disease and not getting the care she needs. Perinatal epidemiologistJanet Catov is among those researchers examining what pregnancy-related signals identify women at the highest risk of future cardiovascular disease. Helping a woman at that early point, with interventions that can reverse or treat risk f... 

Rosano links depressive symptoms in type 1 diabetes to extended hyperglycemia, brain lesions

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HELIO - Middle-aged adults with type 1 diabetes are more likely to experience depressive symptoms than those without, and extended hyperglycemia and more white matter hyperintensities in the brain may play a role in this difference, according to findings published in Diabetic Medicine by EPI's Caterina Rosano and colleagues.   

Breastfeeding linked to less belly fat and smaller waist size

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MEDICALRESEARCH.COM  - Work by Gabrielle Snyder (EPI '15) tests the association between breastfeeding duration and maternal waist circumference while controlling for race, socioeconomic status, and behavioral factors like better diet and more physical activity. The study found that women who breastfed more than 6 months had smaller waists and lower body mass index one decade after delivery compared to women who breastfed less than 6 months.  

To reduce falls and fracture risk, improve sleep quality and length, Cauley says

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PT PRODUCTS - "Even though falls are caused by a number of factors, our paper focuses on a novel risk factor: sleep. Results suggest that interventions aimed at improving sleep may reduce the risk of falls." says EPI's Jane Cauley.   

Nachega recognized by African Science Institutions

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The African Academy of Sciences elected IDM and EPI's Jean Nachega a fellow in recognition of his efforts to develop patient care, teaching, and research around epidemiology and infectious diseases in Africa. In addition, the Academy of Sciences of South Africa - which aims to provide evidence-based scientific advice on issues of public interest - named him a member-elect.  

Study by Catov and colleagues finds breast-feeding tied to smaller waist size in mother

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NEW YORK TIMES - Breast-feeding for longer than six months may lead to a smaller waist size for the mother. “There are three wins here,” said EPI's Janet Catov. “There are short-term benefits for the mother — weight after pregnancy is something women care about. And there are long-term benefits for the mother’s health. And the third win is that it’s really good for the baby.”  

Marroquin is leading a team of data analysts whose work is facilitating intensive efforts around readmissions

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HEALTHCARE INFORMATICS - EPI's Oscar Marroquin, a practicing cardiologist, was interviewed as part of the fourth-quarter 2018 Healthcare Informatics cover story for helping to lead a team of clinical data experts at the vast, 40-hospital UPMC health system in Pittsburgh.  

Talbott interviewed on new study linking air pollution and emergency room visits

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THE ALLEGHENY FRONT - A new study finds that primary pollutants were linked with emergency room visits for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. EPI's Evelyn Talbott says that the study incorporates data from 48 air monitors in the greater Pittsburgh region, and data from the area’s major health care providers.   

Schulz research on life after bereavement is highlighted in 'Starts at 60'

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STARTS AT 60 - EPI and BCHS's Richard Schulz led a 2008 study on life after bereavement and found that 10 to 15% of carers would experience chronic depression after the death of the person they cared for. Interestingly, this percentage doubled for carers of people affected by dementia. The reason for this is because the more stressful the care-giving experience, the more challenging the recovery after bereavement.  

Mendez talks to Pitt Med about why new mothers are dying at an alarming rate

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PITT MED - Between 2000 and 2015, the number of maternal deaths and near-deaths in the United States rose by 25 percent. And African American mothers are four times more likely to die or nearly die as a result of pregnancy than white mothers. Ways to address racial disparities in maternal mortality and morbidity, according to EPI's Dara Mendez, is to focus on institutional equity and call out racism as a core element.  

Cauley finds that how much sleep you get could influence fracture risk

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MEDICAL DAILY - In a new study led by EPI's Jane Cauley, sleeping over or under the recommended length was linked to a 25 percent increase in odds of experiencing recurrent falls. "Falls are an important public health problem among older adults and lead to moderate to severe injuries. Most fractures occur because of falls, and recent evidence shows that mortality from falls in the U.S. is increasing," said Cauley.  

Student Abigail Cartus shares the results of a study on Pittsburgh household characteristics and birth weights

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APHA - Doctoral student Abigail Cartus (EPI) presented a poster at APHA's 2018 annual meeting titled Neighborhood-level housing characteristics and birth weight in Pittsburgh, PA, 2009-2013. In this study, Cartus, EPI professor Dara Mendez, and colleagues analyzed data on all singleton births in the city of Pittsburgh, PA from 2009-2013 in relation to neighborhood-level data from the 2010 Census.   

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