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EOH Journal Club

VISTA is a checkpoint regulator for naïve T cell quiescence and peripheral tolerance

Thursday 2/27 11:00AM - 12:00PM
4140 Public Health, Young Seminar Room

Presenter: Qi Wei

Paper: VISTA is a checkpoint regulator for naïve T cell quiescence and peripheral tolerance

Authors: Mohamed A. ElTanbouly, Yanding Zhao, Elizabeth Nowak, Jiannan Li, Evelien Schaafsma, et Al.

Abstract:
Negative checkpoint regulators (NCRs) temper the T cell immune response to self-antigens and limit the development of autoimmunity. Unlike all other NCRs that are expressed on activated T lymphocytes, V-type immunoglobulin domain-containing suppressor of T cell activation (VISTA) is expressed on naïve T cells. We report an unexpected heterogeneity within the naïve T cell compartment in mice, where loss of VISTA disrupted the major quiescent naïve T cell subset and enhanced self-reactivity. Agonistic VISTA engagement increased T cell tolerance by promoting antigen-induced peripheral T cell deletion. Although a critical player in naïve T cell homeostasis, the ability of VISTA to restrain naïve T cell responses was lost under inflammatory conditions. VISTA is therefore a distinctive NCR of naïve T cells that is critical for steady-state maintenance of quiescence and peripheral tolerance.

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Last Updated On Wednesday, January 29, 2020 by Orbell, Adam W
Created On Wednesday, January 29, 2020