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Research and Practice News

Research and Practice News

Check out some highlights of research and practice under way at Pitt Public Health:

Hartman and team study tropical mosquito-borne virus linked to miscarriage, stillbirth in animals 

Hartman and team study tropical mosquito-borne virus linked to miscarriage, stillbirth in animals

WESA-FM - Research suggests the Rift Valley Fever can affect developing human fetuses. IDM's Amy Hartman, along with first author Cynthia McMillen who is an IDM postdoc, chose to study Rift Valley’s effects on pregnant rats, since humans and rats have similar placental structures. They found that 6... (12/06/2018)

Aging in Brazil 

Aging in Brazil

THE GERONTOLOGIST - Tramujas Vasconcellos Neumann and Albert give a brief overview of aging in Brazil by presenting some of the demographics and characteristics of the older adult population, the principles and innovative processes used in developing the main legislation for the rights of older peo... (12/04/2018)

Pittsburgh analysis: recommendations to reduce recidivism in Allegheny County transgender women 

Pittsburgh analysis: recommendations to reduce recidivism in Allegheny County transgender women

ASPPH FRIDAY LETTER - As part of her master’s thesis work, Stephanie Creasy (BCHS '17) performed a mixed-methods analysis that involved in-depth interviews with transgender women living in Allegheny County who had been previously incarcerated for nonviolent crimes, coupled with geospatial mapping o... (11/30/2018)

Sahu and Ambrosio find longevity protein rejuvenates muscle healing in old mice 

Sahu and Ambrosio find longevity protein rejuvenates muscle healing in old mice

UPMC - New research, developed largely from Amrita Sahu's (EOH) thesis work, implicates the so-called “longevity protein” Klotho, both as culprit and therapeutic target to the inability for skeletal muscle to hear after injury as we get older. “We found that we were able to rescue, at least in part... (11/27/2018)

Cauley finds that how much sleep you get could influence fracture risk 

Cauley finds that how much sleep you get could influence fracture risk

MEDICAL DAILY - In a new study led by EPI's Jane Cauley, sleeping over or under the recommended length was linked to a 25 percent increase in odds of experiencing recurrent falls. "Falls are an important public health problem among older adults and lead to moderate to severe injuries. Most fracture... (11/26/2018)

Mara Hollander shares her research on opioid prescribing and physician relationships with pharmaceutical companies at APHA 2018  

Mara Hollander shares her research on opioid prescribing and physician relationships with pharmaceutical companies at APHA 2018

APHA  - Mara Hollander (HPM) presented a poster titled Financial Relationships with Pharmaceutical Companies are Related to Increased Opioid Prescribing at APHA's 2018 annual meeting. Hollander matched Medicare Part D claims from Pennsylvania clinicians with 2014 Open Payments data. The final sampl... (11/24/2018)

Thistle Elias and Yuae Park share their research at APHA 2018 examining barriers preventing participants in the WISEWOMAN program from implementing healthy lifestyle changes 

Thistle Elias and Yuae Park share their research at APHA 2018 examining barriers preventing participants in the WISEWOMAN program from implementing healthy lifestyle changes

APHA - Thistle Elias, BCHS professor, and doctoral student, Yuae Park (BCHS) share their research examining the barriers preventing some participants in the WISEWOMAN (WW) program from implementing healthy lifestyle changes at APHA's 2018 annual meeting. The researchers interviewed 9 WW clients tha... (11/24/2018)

Student Abigail Cartus shares the results of a study on Pittsburgh household characteristics and birth weights at APHA 2018 

Student Abigail Cartus shares the results of a study on Pittsburgh household characteristics and birth weights at APHA 2018

APHA - Doctoral student Abigail Cartus (EPI) presented a poster at APHA's 2018 annual meeting titled Neighborhood-level housing characteristics and birth weight in Pittsburgh, PA, 2009-2013. In this study, Cartus, EPI professor Dara Mendez, and colleagues analyzed data on all singleton births in th... (11/24/2018)

Student Noreen Chatta shares her analysis of endoscope procedures and bacterial cultures at APHA 2018 

Student Noreen Chatta shares her analysis of endoscope procedures and bacterial cultures at APHA 2018

APHA - Noreen Chatta (IDM) presented her research on Safety of Gastrointestinal (GI) Endoscopic Procedures at a Large Academic Medical Center during a poster symposium at APHA's 2018 annual meeting. In this study, she assessed and monitored the safety of endoscopic procedures using microbiologic cu... (11/24/2018)

Burke and team tried a new technique to share research with LGBTQ youth (VIDEO) 

Burke and team tried a new technique to share research with LGBTQ youth (VIDEO)

Post-doctoral researcher Robert Coulter (BCHS '17), BCHS's Jessica Burke, and Sara Baumann (BCHS '19) tried using a video approach to share highlights of Coulter's recent research on how welcoming school environments reduce drinking among both LGBT+ -identified students and their heterosexual count... (11/24/2018)

Gary-Webb organizes “Health Equity for African American Populations across the Lifespan" at APHA 

Gary-Webb organizes “Health Equity for African American Populations across the Lifespan" at APHA

UPMC - When BCHS's Tiffany Gary-Webb helped develop the “Health Equity Now” theme for this year's APHA annual meeting, she realized that Pitt Public Health had something special to contribute. She organized a session titled “Health Equity for African American Populations across the Lifespan" to sha... (11/21/2018)

Pitt Public Health study finds murder of family, friends takes highest toll on Black teens 

Pitt Public Health study finds murder of family, friends takes highest toll on Black teens

U.S. NEWS AND WORLD REPORT - Pitt researchers analyzed the results of a 2014 survey of just over 1,600 teens, aged 14 to 19, in Allegheny County and found that 13 percent said a friend or family member had been murdered. Teens who lose a family member or friend to murder have an increased risk of s... (11/16/2018)

Merlin comments on the effect of chronic pain on HIV outcomes 

Merlin comments on the effect of chronic pain on HIV outcomes

INFECTIOUS DISEASE ADVISOR - Chronic pain is a frequent comorbidity in people living with HIV and may adversely affect antiretroviral therapy adherence and retention in care. A recent study provided useful insights into the complex interaction. When asked about the main takeaways, BCHS's JESSICA ME... (11/16/2018)

Mackey identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in older adults in long-running study 

Mackey identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in older adults in long-running study

ASPPH FRIDAY LETTER - new research from Pitt Public Health has identified a dementia risk factor among older adults that should be modifiable even well into old age. “Although arterial stiffness is associated with markers of silent, or subclinical, brain damage and cognitive decline, until now, it ... (10/26/2018)

Batra Hershey contributes to Biodefense Report 

Batra Hershey contributes to Biodefense Report

In a biodefense emergency - such as a terrorist attack using aerosolized plague - what are the needs of our country's 573 Tribal Nations? HPM"s TINA BATRA HERSHEY, assistant director for Law and Policy in the Center for Public Health Practice, recently contributed to a national report concluding th... (10/24/2018)

Simenson, Salerno, Saal-Ridpath selected for future health leaders program 

Simenson, Salerno, Saal-Ridpath selected for future health leaders program

PITT WIRE - Three students from Pitt Public Health were selected for the inaugural class of The Milken Institute’s Future Health Leaders Program. The students, ASHLEY SIMENSON (EPI '19), JESSICA SALERNO (IDM '20), and KAITLYN SAAL-RIDPATH (HPM '20), are among a dozen of fellows selected nationwid... (10/18/2018)

Alcohol screening tests fail to work in RYGB patients 

Alcohol screening tests fail to work in RYGB patients

BARIATRIC NEWS - People who undergo Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are at increased risk for alcohol-related problems and common screening tools that help physicians identify patients at high risk for alcohol use disorder fail to work well in this population, according to a new study. EPI's WENDY... (10/17/2018)

Pitt Public Health study identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in older adults 

Pitt Public Health study identifies modifiable dementia risk factor in older adults

SCIENCE DAILY - New research from Pitt Public Health found that arterial stiffness is a good proxy for predicting who will go on to develop dementia. Even minor signs of brain disease were not as telling. Since arterial stiffness can be reduced by antihypertensive drugs, and likely also lifestyle i... (10/17/2018)

Bariatric surgery can reduce risks - but King's study finds it depends how much they can keep off after their operation 

Bariatric surgery can reduce risks - but King's study finds it depends how much they can keep off after their operation

FORBES - Bariatric surgery can reduce the risk of heart attacks, strokes, and death in obese people. But those who gained back 20 percent of weight lost were more than one-third more likely to develop diabetes and two-thirds more likely to have high cholesterol, according to a study conducted by a ... (10/17/2018)

King finds alcohol disorder tests fail in weight-loss surgery patients 

King finds alcohol disorder tests fail in weight-loss surgery patients

UPMC - Given the increased risk of alcohol use disorder associated with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, it is recommended that clinicians screen for alcohol use disorder before and after surgery, but there is no guidance on how to do that screening, said EPI's WENDY KING. According to a long-term, multic... (10/15/2018)

Research Videos

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Burke and team tried a new technique to share research with LGBTQ youth (VIDEO) 

Burke and team tried a new technique to share research with LGBTQ youth (VIDEO)

Post-doctoral researcher Robert Coulter (BCHS '17), BCHS's Jessica Burke, and Sara Baumann (BCHS '19) tried using a video approach to share highlights of Coulter's recent research on how welcoming school environments reduce drinking among both LGBT+ -identified students and their heterosexual count... (11/24/2018)
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Burke updates Pitt Public Health community on state of the opioid epidemic (VIDEO) 

Burke updates Pitt Public Health community on state of the opioid epidemic (VIDEO)

Dean Donald S. Burke's third annual address to the school on the state of the nation's opioid overdose epidemic looks at one of the most pressing issues facing our region. Burke highlights his team's research recently published in  Science  ( Changing dynamics of the drug overdose epidemic in t... (10/04/2018)
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Newman and colleagues' new study uses local participants to look at aspirin use in older adults (video) 

Newman and colleagues' new study uses local participants to look at aspirin use in older adults (video)

WPXI - TV - We've long heard that an aspirin a day can help lower the risk of heart disease. A new study using participants from Pittsburgh suggests that isn't always the case. The study looked at 19,000 people worldwide, including 178 people from Pittsburgh. "People who took aspirin and people who... (09/19/2018)
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Flatt discusses dementia prevalence in sexual minority older adults (video) 

Flatt discusses dementia prevalence in sexual minority older adults (video)

ALZHEIMER'S ASSOCIATION - The first dementia prevalence data from a large population of lesbian, gay, and bisexual older adults was reported at the 2018 Alzheimer’s Association International Conference in Chicago by JASON FLATT (BCHS '13) and colleagues. "We really need to think about providing mor... (07/27/2018)
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IDM’s Rinaldo discusses HIV wonder drugs and curing HIV in 1998 World AIDS Day interview (VIDEO) 

IDM’s Rinaldo discusses HIV wonder drugs and curing HIV in 1998 World AIDS Day interview (VIDEO)

UPMC HEALTH NEWS – In the late 1990s, new and highly potent anti-HIV drugs emerged— including protease and reverse transcriptase inhibitors—which could for the first time control HIV infection. For this 1998 World AIDS Day, Pitt IDM AIDS researcher Charles Rinaldo and the late Bridget Murtagh of th... (07/17/2018)
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Pitt Public Health study helps inform new legislation sponsored by Sen Toomey (video) 

Pitt Public Health study helps inform new legislation sponsored by Sen Toomey (video)

In Sen Toomey's weekly e-newsletter, he announces that the Senate Finance Committee adopted his amendment, the Encouraging Appropriate Prescribing for Victims of Overdose in Medicare Act, to require Medicare to notify a doctor if their patient has suffered a non-fatal opioid overdose. Toomey refere... (06/26/2018)
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