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Wendy C King, PhD

Associate Professor, Epidemiology

Contact

Epidemiology Data Center, Univ of Pgh, 4420 Bayard Street, Suite 600, Pittsburgh 15260
R-znvy: xvatj@rqp.cvgg.rqh
Primary Phone: 967-179-6167
Secondary Phone: 967-456-2273


Personal Statement

My work is focused on the design, coordination and analysis of multi-center clinical trials and cohort studies investigating bariatric surgery and lifestyle (i.e., physical activity and diet) interventions. Areas of particular interest include the assessment of physical activity, the role of physical activity in bariatric surgery, and the impact of bariatric surgery on medical comorbidities and psychosocial outcomes, including substance use disorder. I currently serve as the principal investigator of the Data Coordinating Center for a three-site NIH-funded observational study investigating psychopathology and quality of life pre and post bariatric surgery. I also serve as a co-investigator on three NIH-funded studies: the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS), Innovative approaches to Diet, Exercise and Activity (IDEA), and Early Adult Reduction of Weight through Lifestyle Intervention (EARLY) trials. 



Education

2012 | Centers for Disease Control and Univ. of South Carolina, Park City, UT | Physical Activity and Public Health Research Course
2004 | University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA | PhD Epidemiology
1998 | University of California, San Diego, CA | BS Biology


Teaching

Epi 2180 "Epidemiology Methods 1" (current)

Epi 2183 "Reading, Analyzing and Interpreting the Medical Literature" (Summer 2014)

Course director of "Bariatric Research from Start to Finish," at Obesity Week 201, 2015 and 2016


Service

  • Editorial Board Member, Surgery for Obesity and Related Disease (SOARD) (2010-present)
  • Editorial Board Member, Obesity: Science and Practice (2016-present)
  • Scientific Peer Reviewer, National Institute of Health (2015-present)
  • Invited Expert Reviewer, Ireland's National Health Research Board (2012; 2016)
  • Member of the Research and Program Planning Committees of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) (2011-present)
  • Elected Member of the Integrated Health Executive Committee of ASMBS (2014-15)


Awards

  • Circle of Excellence Award, American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2016 http://insideupmc.upmc.com/wendy-king-receives-prestigious-award-bariatric-surgery-research/
  • Integrated Health Research Award, first place, 33rd annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2016
  • Top Ten Paper, 33rd annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2016
  • Top Ten Paper, 32nd annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2015
  • Poster of Distinction, 32nd annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2015
  • Top Ten Poster, Bariatric Surgery section, annual meeting of The Obesity Society, 2014
  • Integrated Health Research Award, first place, 29th annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2012
  • Paper (Prevalence of Alcohol Use Disorders before and after bariatric surgery) selected for "The JAMA Report" and podcast author interview by the Journal of the American Medical Association. "Most downloaded article" of 2013 
  • Integrated Health Research Award, first place, 26th annual meeting of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, 2008


Selected Publications

King WC, Chen JY, Belle SH.  Use of prescribed opioids before and after bariatric surgery: prospective evidence from a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Apr 7. [Epub ahead of print]  PMID: 28579202


Kalarchian MA, King WC, Devlin, MJ, et al. Surgery-related gastrointestinal symptoms in a prospective study of bariatric surgery patients: 3-year followup. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017
Apr 4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28579205
     

King WC, Chen JY, Courcoulas AP, DakinGF, Engel SG, Flum DR, Hinojosa MW, Kalarchian MA, Mattar SG, Mitchell JE, Pomp A, Pories WJ, Steffen KJ, White GE, Wolfe BM, Yanovski SZ. Alcohol and other substance use after bariatric surgery: prospective evidence from a U.S. multicenter cohort study. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28528115 

 

Steffen KJ, King WC, White GE, Subak LL, Mitchell JE, Courcoulas AP, Flum DR, Strain G, Sarwer DB, Kolotkin RL, Pories W, Huang AJ. Sexual functioning of men and women with severe obesity before bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2017 Feb;13(2):334-343. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2016.09.022.

 

Alfonso-Cristancho R, King WC, Mitchell F, Ramanathan R, Sullivan S, Belle SH, Flum D. Impact of Bariatric Surgery for Severe Obesity on Work Status and Productivity: 3 Year Follow-up. JAMA. 2016 Oct 18;316(15):1595-1597. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.12040.

 

Jakicic JM, Davis KK, Rogers RJ, King WC, Marcus MD, Helsel D, Rickman AD, Wahed AS, Belle SH. Effect of wearable technology combined with a lifestyle intervention on long-term weight loss: The IDEA randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2016 Sep 20;316(11):1161-1171. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.12858. PMID: 27654602


King WC, Chen J, Belle SH, Courcoulas AP, Dakin GF, Elder KA, Flum DR, Hinojosa MW, Mitchell JE, Pories W, Wolfe BM, Yanovski SZ. Change in pain and physical function following bariatric surgery for severe obesity. JAMA 2016 Apr 5;315(13):1362-71. doi: 10.1001/jama.2016.3010. PMID: 27046364

 

Devlin MJ, King WC, Kalarchian M, White GE, Marcus M, Garcia L, Yanovski S, Mitchell J. A Three-year Study of Eating-Related Experiences, Behaviors and Outcomes in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-3 Study. Int J Eat Disord. 2016 Dec;49(12):1058-1067. doi: 10.1002/eat.22578.

 

Hames KC, Coen PM, Anthony SJ, King WC, Stefanovic-Racic M, Toledo FGS, Brown J, Helbling N, Dube, JJ, DeLany JP, Jakicic JJ, Goodpaster BH. Resting and exercise energy metabolism in weight-reduced adults with severe obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2016 Jun;24(6):1290-8. doi: 10.1002/oby.21501. Epub 2016 Apr 30. PMID: 27129892

 

Gibbs BB, King WC, Belle HS, Jakicic JM. Six-month changes in ideal
cardiovascular Health vs. Framingham 10-year coronary heart disease Risk among young adults enrolled in a weight loss intervention. Prev Med. 2016 Feb 25. pii: S0091-7435(16)30011-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.033. [Epub ahead of print]PMID: 26923555

 

King WC, Chen JY, Courcoulas AP, Mitchell JE, Wolfe BM, Patterson EJ, Inabnet WB, Dakin GF, Flum DR, Cook B, Belle SH. Objectively-measured sedentary time and cardiometabolic health in adults with severe obesity. Prev Med. 2015 Dec 24. pii: S0091-7435(15)00380-1. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.12.007. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26724517 

 

Kalarchian M, King WC, Devlin M, Marcus MD, Chen J, Garcia L, Yanovski SZ, Mitchell J. Psychiatric Disorders and Weight Change in a Prospective Study of Bariatric Surgery Patients: A 3-year Follow-up. Psychosom Med. 2015 Nov 13. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID:26569540.

 

Jakicic JM, King WC, Marcus MD, Davis KK, Helsel D, Rickman AD, Gibbs BB, Rogers RJ, Wahed A, Belle SH. Short-term weight loss with diet and physical activity in young adults: The IDEA study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Dec;23(12):2385-97. doi: 10.1002/oby.21241. Epub 2015 Nov 5. PMID: 26538477

Subak LL, King WC, Belle SH, Chen JY, Courcoulas AP, Ebel FE, Flum DR, Khandelwal S, Pender JR, Pierson SK, Pories WJ, Steffen KJ, Strain GW, Wolfe BM, Huang AJ. Urinary incontinence before and after bariatric surgery. JAMA Intern Med 2015 Jun 22. PMID: 26098620

King WC, Chen J, Bond DS, Belle SH, Courcoulas, AP, Mitchell J, Patterson EJ, Inabnet WB, Dakin G, Flum DR, Cook B, Wolfe BM. Objective Assessment of Changes in Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Bariatric Surgery Patients: Pre- through 3-years Post-surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Jun;23(6):1143-50. PMID:26010326

Mitchell JM, Steffen K, Engel S, King WC, Chen J, Winters K, Sogg S, Sondag C, Kalarchian M, Elder K. Addictive Disorders after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2015 Jul-Aug;11(4):897-905. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.10.026. Epub 2014 Nov 13. PMID: 25862182

Mitchell JE, King WC, Pories W, Flum DR, Spaniolas K, Bessler M, Devlin M, Marcus MD, Kalarchian M, Engel S, Khandelway S, Yanovski S. Binge Eating Disorder and Medical Comorbidities in Bariatric Surgery Candidates. Int J Eat Disord. 2015 Mar 16. doi: 10.1002/eat.22389 [Epub ahead of print], PMID: 25778499

Barone Gibbs B, King WC, Davis KK, Rickman AD, Rogers RJ, Jakicic JM. Objective vs. self-reported sedentary behavior in overweight and obese young adults. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2015 Feb 24. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25710325

Jakicic J, King WC, Barone Gibbs B, Rogers RJ, Rickman AD, Davis KK, Wahed A, Belle SH. Objective versus Self-Reported Physical Activity in Overweight and Obese Young Adults. J Phys Act Health. 2015 Jan 19. [Epub ahead of print] PMID:25599334

Bond DS, Thomas G, King WC, Vithiananthan S, Trautvetter J, Unick JL, Ryder BA, Pohl D, Roye D, Sax HC, Wing RR. Exercise improves quality of life in bariatric surgery candidates: Results from the Bari-Active trial. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2015 Mar;23(3):536-42. doi: 10.1002/oby.20988. Epub 2015 Jan 22. PMID: 25611582

Jeffreys RM, Inge TH, Jenkins TM, King WC, Oruc V, Douglas AD, Bray M. Physical Activity Monitoring in Extremely Obese Adolescents from the Teen-LABS Study. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2014 Sep 10. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25205688

White D, Neogi T, King WC, Lavalley M, Kritchevsky SB, Nevitt MC, Harris TB, Ferrucci L, Simonsick EM, Satterfield S, Strotmeyer ES, Zhang YQ; for the Health ABC study. Can Change in Prolonged Walking Be Inferred From a Short Test of Gait Speed Among Older Adults Who Are Initially Well-Functioning? Phys Ther. 2014 Sep;94(9):1285-93. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20130628. Epub 2014 May 1. PMID: 24786943

Mitchell JE, King WC, Courcoulas A, Dakin G, Elder K, Engel S, Flum D, Kalarchian M, Khandelwal S, Pender J, Pories W, Wolfe B. Eating behavior and eating disorders in adults before bariatric surgery. Int J Eat Disord. 2014 Apr 9. doi: 10.1002/eat.22275. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 24719222

Galioto R, King WC, Bond DS, Spitznagel MB, Strain G, Devlin M, Cohen R, Crosby RD, Mitchell JE, Gunstad J. Physical activity and cognitive function in bariatric surgery candidates. Int J Neurosci. 2014 Dec;124(12):912-8. doi: 10.3109/00207454.2014.895344. Epub 2014 Mar 24. PMID: 24547736 

Mitchell JE, King WC, Chen JY, Devlin MJ, Flum D, Garcia L, Inabet W, Pender JR, Kalarchian MA, Khandelwal S, Marcus MD, Schrope B, Strain G, Wolfe B, Yanovski S. Course of depressive symptoms and treatment in the longitudinal assessment of bariatric surgery (LABS-2) study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2014 Aug;22(8):1799-806. doi: 10.1002/oby.20738. Epub 2014 Mar 25. PMID: 24634371

Widen EM, Strain G, King WC, Yu W, Lin S, Goodpaster B, Thornton J, Courcoulas A, Pomp A, Gallagher D. Validity of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis for Measuring Changes in Body Water and Percent Fat After Bariatric Surgery. Obes Surg. 2014 Jun;24(6):847-54. doi: 10.1007/s11695-014-1182-5. PMID: 24464517

Purnell JQ, Selzer F, Smith MD, Berk PD, Courcoulas AP, Inabnet WB, King WC, Pender J, Pomp A, Raum WJ, Schrope B, Steffen KJ, Wolfe BM, Patterson EJ; LABS Research Group. Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence and Associations in a Bariatric Surgery Cohort from the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 Study. Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2014 Mar;12(2):86-94. doi: 10.1089/met.2013.0116. Epub 2013 Dec 31. PMID: 24380645

Inge TH, King WC, Jenkins TM, Courcoulas AP, Mitsnefis M, Flum DR, Wolfe BM, Pomp A, Dakin GF, Khandelwal S, Zeller MH, Horlick M, Pender JR, Chen J, Daniels SR. Severe obesity as an adolescent predicts greater health risk in adults undergoing bariatric surgery. Pediatrics. 2013 Dec;132(6):1098-104. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2185. Epub 2013 Nov 18. PMID: 24249816

Courcoulas AP, Christian NJ, Belle SH, Berk PD, Flum DR, Garcia L, Horlick M, Kalarchian MA, King WC, Mitchell JE, Patterson EJ, Pender JR, Pomp A, Pories WJ, Thirlby RC, Yanovski SZ, Wolfe BM; for the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) Consortium. Weight Change and Health Outcomes at 3 Years After Bariatric Surgery Among Individuals With Severe Obesity. JAMA. 2013 Dec 11;310(22):2416-25. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.280928. PMID: 24189773

Christian NJ, King WC, Yanovski SZ, Courcoulas AP, Belle SH. Validity of Self-reported Weights Following Bariatric Surgery. JAMA. 2013 Dec 11;310(22):2454-6. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.281043. PMID:2418969

Belle S, Berk PD, Chapman W, Christian N, Courcoulas AP, Dakin G, Flum DR, Horlick M, King WC, McCloskey C, Mitchell JE, Patterson E, Pender JR, Steffen K, Thirlby R, Wolfe B, Yanovski S. Baseline Characteristics of Participants in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 (LABS-2) Study. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2013 Nov-Dec;9(6):926-35. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2013.01.023. Epub 2013 Mar 7. PMID: 23602493

Cluss PA, Ewing LJ, King WC, Reis E, Dodd J, Penner B. Nutrition Knowledge of Low Income Parents of Obese Children. Translational Behavioral Medicine. 2013 June;3(2):218-225. doi: 10.1007/s13142-013-0203-6. PMID: 24039639

King WC, Kalarchian MA, Steffen KJ, Wolfe BM, Elder KA, Mitchell JE. Associations between physical activity and mental health among bariatric surgical candidates. J Psychosom Res. 74 (2013), pp. 161-169. PMID: 23332532

Khan A, King WC, Patterson EJ, Laut J, Raum W, Courcoulas AP, Atwood C, Wolfe BM. Assessment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults Undergoing Bariatric Surgery in Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 Study. J Clin Sleep Med 2013; 9(1):21–29. PMID: 23319901

King WC, Bond DS. The importance of physical activity counseling in bariatric surgery. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2013 Jan; 41(1):26-35. PMID: 22710705


King WC, Chen J, Mitchell JE, Kalarchian MA, Steffen KJ, Engel SG, Courcoulas AP, Poreis WJ, Yanovski SZ. Prevalence of alcohol use disorders before and after bariatric surgery. JAMA. 2012 Jun 20; 307(23):2516-25. PMID: 22710289

Mackey RH, Belle SH, Courcoulas AP, Dakin GF, Deveney CW, Flum DR, Garcia L, King WC, Kuller LH, Mitchell JE,  Pomp A, Pories WJ, Wolfe BM. Distribution of 10-Year and Lifetime Predicted Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Prior to Surgery in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 Study. Am J Cardiol. 2012 Oct 15; 110(8):1130-7. PMID: 22742719

King WC, Hsu JY, Belle SH, Courcoulas AP, Eid GM, Flum DR, Mitchell JE, Pender JR, Smith MD, Steffen KJ, Wolfe BM. Pre- to postoperative changes in physical activity: report from the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2012 Sep-Oct; 8(5):522-32. PMID: 21944951

King WC, Engel SG, Elder KA, Chapman WH, Eid GM, Wolfe BM, Belle SH. Walking capacity of bariatric surgery candidates. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2012 Jan-Feb; 8(1):48-59. PMID: 21937285

King WC, Li J, Leishear K, Mitchell JE, Belle SH. Determining activity monitor wear time: an influential decision rule. Journal of Physical Activity & Health. 2011 May; 8(4):566-80. PMID: 21597130

Gosman GG, King WC, Schrope B, Steffen KJ, Strain GW, Courcoulas AP, Flum DR, Pender JR, Simhan HN. Reproductive health of women electing bariatric surgery. Fertil Steril. 2010
Sep; 94(4):1426-31. PMID: 19815190

Flum DR, Belle SH, King WC, Wahed AS, Berk P, Chapman W, Pories W, Courcoulas A, McCloskey C, Mitchell J, Patterson E, Pomp A, Staten MA, Yanovski SZ, Thirlby R, Wolfe B. Peri-operative safety in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery. NEJM.  2009 Jul 30; 361(5):445-545. PMID: 19641201

Hawkins MS, Storti KL, Richardson CR, King WC, Strath SJ, Holleman RG, Kriska AM. Objectively measured physical activity of U.S. adults by sex, age, and racial/ethnic groups: cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Jun 3; 6(1):31. PMID: 19493347

King WC, Belle SH, Eid GM, Dakin GF, Inabnet WB, Mitchell JE, Patterson EJ, Courcoulas AP, Flum DR, Chapman WH, Wolfe BM. Physical activity levels of patients undergoing bariatric surgery in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery study. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2008 Nov-Dec; 4(6):721-8. Epub 2008 Sep 5. PMID: 19026376

Belle SH, Chapman W, Courcoulas AP, Flum DR, Gagner M, Inabnet WB, King WC, Mitchell JE, Patterson EJ, Thirlby R, Wolfe BM, Yanovshi SZ. Relationship of body mass index with demographic and clinical characteristics in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS). Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2008 Jul-Aug; 4(4):474-80. Epub 2008 Jun 2. PMID: 1851458

Simkin-Silverman LR, Conroy M, King WC. Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Primary Care Practice: Current Evidence and Future Directions. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2008
Jul; 2:296 - 304.  

King WC, Belle SH, Brach JS, Simkin-Silverman LR, Soska T, Kriska AM. Objective measures of neighborhood environment and physical activity in older women.  Am J Prev Med. 2005 Jun;28(5):461-9. Erratum in: Am J Prev Med. 2005 Oct;29(3):245-6. PMID: 15894150

Simkin-Silverman LR, Gleason KA, King WC, Weissfeld L, Buhari A, Boraz M, Wing R.  Predictors of weight control advice in primary care practices: patient health and psychosocial characteristics.  Prev Med. 2005 Jan;40(1):71-82. PMID: 15530583

King WC, Brach JS, Belle S, Killingsworth R, Fenton M, Kriska AM.  The relationship between convenience of destinations and walking levels in older women.  Am J Health Promot. 2003 Sep-Oct;18(1):74-82. PMID: 13677965

Invited Editorials:

 

King WC. Comment on: Rapid changes in gait, musculoskeletal pain, and quality of life after bariatric surgery. Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2012 May;8(3):355-6. PMID: 223262814.

King WC. Comment on: Bari-Active: a randomized controlled trial of a preoperative intervention to increase physical activity in bariatric surgery patients.  Surg Obes Relat Dis. 2015 Jan-Feb;11(1):177-80. doi: 10.1016/j.soard.2014.08.011. Epub 2014 Aug 27. PMID: 25553885

Book Chapters:

Bond DS and King WC. Editors: Still C, Sarwer D, Blankenship J. The role of physical activity in
optimizing bariatric surgery outcomes. The ASMBS Textbook of Bariatric Surgery,
Volume 2: Integrated Health. USA: Springer. August 2014, Pages TBD. ISBN
978-1-4939-1196-7.

Zunker C and King WC. Editors: Mitchell JE, de Zwaan M. Physical Activity Pre- and Post Bariatric Surgery. Psychosocial Assessment and Treatment of Bariatric Surgery Patients.London: Psychology Press and Routledge, part of the Taylor and Francis Group.October 2011. Pages 131-158. ISBN-10: 0415892198

 

Wendy C King
© 2017 by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health

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